Istanbul Archeological Museum

This is the richest museum in Istanbul, consisting of 3 main buildings: the Archaeological Museum (main building), the Museum of the Ancient Orient, and the Museum of Islamic Art (Tiled Kiosk).

The museum is located in Topkapi Palace’s lower gardens, in the Gulhane section. Alas, few people pay attention to this amazing site, once known as the Imperial Museum. The origins of the museum date back to the end of the 19th century, thanks to the hard work of Osman Hamdi Bey, an intellectual art expert, archaeologist, and statesman who founded the Istanbul Archeological Museum and the Istanbul Academy of Fine Arts (today, Mimar Sinan University).

In the past, as an imperial museum, governors from different provinces were required to send all new-found artefacts to Istanbul for preservation. As a result, the museum has a great collection of antiquities..

The museum of the Ancient Orient contains great artefacts from the Sumerians and other Mesopotamian civilizations, as well as Anatolians. The first written peace treaty (the Treaty of Kadesh) and tiles from the Ishtar Gates are the highlights here.
The Tiled Kiosk is one of the oldest Ottoman buildings in Istanbul, and was ordered by Mehmet II ‘The Conqueror.’ With its oriental architecture, it hosts good examples of Seljuk and Ottoman ceramics & porcelain. The main building contains the majority of the artefacts. The sarcophagus section includes some very special items, such as Alexander’s Sarcophagus, the Sarcophagus of the Mourning Woman, and Lycian sarcophagi being the highlights. At the end of this section, you can see some reliefs from the Temple of Hekate with base mosaics.

In the history section, you can see the artefacts found in & around Istanbul, as well as the Troy section. The classical section contains many Greco–Roman sculptures and high reliefs.