of the most important centres in Cappadocia is Urgup, 20km to the east of Nevsehir. Urgup was an important settlement
in the Seljuk period, when it was called "Bashisar". The
marble fountains and inscriptions found on the streets and
in the squares of Urgup, were ordered by Damat Ibrahim Pasha.
The epitaphs on the fountains were written by various poets,
and carved by prominent stone masons of Istanbul. Records
from the 19th century mention 70 mosques, 5 churches and 11
libraries in Urgup.
Examples of Seljuk and Ottoman architecture in Urgup are the
"Alti Kapili Turbe" (tomb with 6 doors), the Kiliçarslan
tomb, the Taskin Pasa Medrese, and the mosque and tomb in
nearby valleys of Pancarlik, Uzengi and Keslik,
are important historical and natural treasures.