of Prehistoric cultures in Cappadocia can most easily be
found around KöskHoyuk / Nigde, Asiklihoyuk / Aksaray and in
the Civelek cave near Nevsehir. Excavations in these three
areas are still taking place.
Asikli Hoyuk (mound)
Archaeological excavations discovered the first brick living
quarters in Cappadocia in Asikli Hoyuk (mound), an
extension of Aksaray's Ihlara Canyon settlements. Yellow and
pink clay plaster was used in making the walls and floors of
the houses, some of the most beautiful and complicated
architectural examples of first towns.
They buried the dead in the Hocker position, like a foetus
in the womb, on the floor
According to Prof. U. Esin, who researched at Asikli Hoyuk,
a population greater that had been previously theorised is
revealed by the abundance and density of the settlements in
these areas in the Aceramic Neolithic Period.
No where else in Anatolia can the unique obsidian tools be
found like those from Cappadocian Tumulus. Figurines, made
from lightly baked clay, were unearthed together with flat
stone axes wrought in many fine shapes, chisels and coulters
made from bones and ornaments made from copper, agate and
other different kinds of stones. Evidence provided by a
skeleton found here indicates that the earliest brain
surgery (trepanation) known in the world was performed on a
woman 20-25 years of age at Asikli Hoyuk.