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Cappadocia City Map

 
 
 
 

HISTORY of CAPPADOCIA


Prehistoric Period

Prehistoric Period

Traces of Prehistoric cultures in Cappadocia can most easily be found around KöskHoyuk/Nigde, Asiklihoyuk/Aksaray and in the Civelek cave near Nevsehir. Excavations in these three areas are still taking place.

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Assyrian Trade Colonies  Periods

Assyrian Trade Colonies  Periods

Mining and metallurgy reached its peak in Anatolia during the Early Bronze Age.  Major developments were observed in Northern Anatolia towards the end of this period.   

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Hittite Period Hittite Period

People coming from Europe via the Caucasus, and settling in Cappadocia around 2000 BC, formed an Empire in the region merging with the native people of the area. Their language was of Indo-European origin.

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Late Hittite KingdomLate Hittite Kingdom

After the Phrygians destroyed all the important towns in Central Anatolia eliminating the Hittite Empire, fragments of the Late Hittite Kingdoms sprang up around central and southeast Anatolia. 

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Persian Empire and CappadociaPersian Empire and Cappadocia

The Cimmerians ended the Phrygian reign, and were then followed by the Medes (585BC) and the Persians (547 BC). The Persians divided the empire into semi autonomous provinces and ruled the area using governors who were known as ‘satraps’.

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Roman Period

Roman Period

The wars came to an end in 17AD when Tiberius conquered Cappadocia and placed it under Roman rule.  After the conquest, the Romans reconstructed the road to the west that was of both commercial and military significance. 

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Byzantine Period  Byzantine Period 

When the Roman Empire divided into two, Cappadocia fell under the eastern region. In the early 7th century there were severe wars between the Sassanid and Byzantine armies, and for 6 or 7 years the Sassanids held the area.

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Seljuk Period

Seljuk Period

The arrival of the Seljuk Turks in Anatolia marked the beginning of a new era in history.  After their victories in Iran and Mesopotamia, Turks rapidly spread throughout Anatolia, settling there in the second half of the 11th century.

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Ottoman PeriodOttoman Period

The Region of Cappadocia was very peaceful also during the Ottoman Period. Nevsehir was a small village in the province of Nigde until the time of Damat Ibrahim Pasha.

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First Travelers at Cappadocia First Travelers at Cappadocia

Europeans discovered the Region of Cappadocia, which has been occupied by many civilisations at the beginning of the 18th century.

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